Tuesday, February 28, 2017

Super Senior Sport Horses

Thehorse.com - Full Article

By Sarah Evers Conrad Feb 24, 2017

A look at three equine athletes that are excelling in their golden years, along with how their owners and veterinarians keep them feeling young

There are exceptional equine athletes in every discipline—those stars who stand out from the pack and win awards and titles time and again. We typically expect these athletes to be at that magic age where horses peak for a specific breed or discipline. However, some exceptional horses are defying logic, competing well into their senior years. Retirement doesn’t seem to be in the cards anytime soon for some of them. We talked to the owners and riders of three senior horses who still have plenty of “get up and go” and continue to excel in their disciplines.


Hadji Halef Omar is a purebred Arabian endurance horse who has logged 8,575 lifetime miles over 170 American Endurance Ride Conference (AERC) rides with owner and endurance veteran Stephanie Palmer-DuRoss. In 2014 the gray gelding completed the Tevis Cup, and in 2015, at 23, he placed in the Top 10 in 11 out of 19 rides. Palmer-DuRoss, of Queen Creek, Arizona, calls Hadji irreplaceable...

Read more here:

Endurance horse riding: The Sport of Perry Como (probably)

Expressnews.com - Full Article

By Roy Bragg, San Antonio Express-NewsFebruary 27, 2017

BANDERA — Most sports demand maximum effort.

Dig in. Fight back. Stay focused. Go big. Play hard. Never give up.

But on a cold, clear Hill Country morning, 100 competitors took the field in a game requiring — no, make that demanding — restraint.

Endurance horse riding, which took over a back corner of the Hill Country State Natural Area over the weekend, revels in its humanity and its prudence.

The sport’s name is deceptive, making it sound like an event where the fastest, hardiest horse triumphs and the others collapse in large heaps of equine failure along the side of a track.

No one leaves anything on the field here, other than a few thousand pieces of … you know.

If you are the type of person who must win whenever you compete, avoid this game. This sport is about the long game and the preservation of resources.

If traditional horse racing is the sport of kings, endurance horse riding is the sport of folks who hang out in piano bars. If Perry Como were alive, I have no doubts this would be his sport...

Read more here:

Friday, February 24, 2017

Share Your Gaited Horse’s Trail Adventures and Win Prizes

Horsechannel.com - Full Article

An Instagram contest for gaited horse riders rewards participation in endurance and competitive trail.

By Leslie Potter | February 23, 2017

Gaited horses often have the endurance, sure-footedness, and yes, the smooth gaits required to be excel as trail horses. If you’ve got a gaited horse in your barn, there’s a new incentive to get out and try one of the competitive trail sports.

Friends of Sound Horses (FOSH) is an organization devoted to promoting sound gaited horses in a variety of venues. This year, FOSH has introduced an Instagram-based contest to get more riders competing in trail events and sharing their enjoyment and success with the world on social media.

The contest is simple. Take a photo of you and your horse at a qualified competitive trail ride or endurance event (more on that below.) Share the photo on Instagram using the hashtag #FOSHDistanceContest as well as a hashtag with the name of the ride where the photo was taken. You can also hashtag your horse’s breed. One entry from each ride will be counted...

More at:

C. Mike Tomlinson is HHRF's new President


February 24 2017

C. Mike Tomlinson, DVM, MBA, from Thousand Oaks, California is Horses & Humans Research Foundation's new president.

Dr. Mike Tomlinson became an avid horseperson in the fifth grade. From that point on, his life has been focused on horses. Mike earned his Doctor of Veterinary Medicine (DVM) degree from the University of California at Davis. The first job after picking up his diploma was working at the 1984 Olympics in Los Angeles. He had a performance horse practice until returning from the Stockholm World Equestrian Games, when several of his best clients explained that he cannot be gone for six weeks straight for the events – he had to choose between traditional veterinary practice and doing the big events. It was clear which way he was to go. So it was back to school, this time earning his Masters of Business Administration (MBA). Since then, Mike has been a C-level executive of several corporations, continuing today as the CEO, COO and/or Board Member of several multinational corporations. He has been extremely active in para equestrian sports since 2000 including helping found the US Para Equestrian Association in 2010 and being an executive board member since then. He is very active in sport governance having been on the USEF board for 12 years and still very active as chair or member of a dozen USEF committees. 

Dr. Mike has been Chef d’Equipe for the USET Endurance Team and the USET Team Vet for numerous competitions including three World Equestrian Games. He is a FEI Vet for Dressage, Endurance, Eventing, Vaulting, Para Equestrian, and Jumping, a FEI Steward, and is a FEI ‘O’ Judge, Course Designer and Technical Delegate in Endurance. Dr. Mike lives in Southern California where he can enjoy riding year ‘round. Last year Mike taught FEI Officials’ courses and officiated at over 20 FEI 3, 4 and 5 star events in countries all around the globe.

“I am a believer - I know positively that horses facilitate an accelerated path to healing and personal progress.  What a thrill to support research that encourages the world to make it more accessible." 

Thursday, February 23, 2017

Dream Makker: An Endurance Horse in the Making - Part 1

by Merri Melde-Endurance.net
February 23 2017

This is not a story of an AERC Hall of Fame horse, nor a Tevis or Haggin Cup winner, nor a high-mileage endurance horse. You wouldn't even call his an impressive endurance ride record, and he's still a ways from a thousand-mile medallion.

For a while early on, Crysta Turnage's horse Dream Makker had a bad reputation just this side of unsafe, and later he had (still has) soundness issues. A majority of endurance riders - who also don't have Hall of Fame horses or high mileage horses - will recognize some similar struggles in their own endurance journeys.

But ultimately, this story of a rider and a somewhat dubious endurance horse that takes a long, circuitous journey towards the goal of riding in the Tevis Cup is one of perseverance and patience, and of friendship and redemption.

This now-12-year-old CMK-bred gelding by Mackies Image X Falah Dream, by Sarat Thani, came from the pastures of the Van Gilders in Oregon. It was endurance rider Kevin Myers who bought "Diego" as a yearling and took him home to Arizona for a few months, before sending him to southwest Idaho to grow up and run with Steph Teeter's herd for a couple of years.

Crysta Turnage of Spanish Springs, Nevada, entered the picture when Diego was coming 4. She'd been riding her one and only endurance gelding, CT's Sinatra, for 6 years, since 2003. They'd finished Tevis together in 2007. The next year, in a devastating blow, Sinatra was diagnosed with terminal cancer.

That's when Crysta's dear and generous friend Kevin stepped in. Crysta remembered, "Kevin told me, 'I have this unstarted 4-year-old up in Idaho. If you want him, just go get him.' So my mom and I went and picked him up in October, and we brought 'Digs' back home with us."

It was a big change of venue for Diego. "He had never been to 'town' before!" Crysta said. "He'd grown up in Idaho on the ranch. Everything here was cause for alarm!

"I don't know that he'd ever seen a kid before. My son Taren was 6 at the time, and he'd go out and run around or climb on the corral panels and be loud and fast like kids are, and Digs would snort, like 'Oh my gosh, what are you?'

"Cars and trucks driving around, mail boxes, trash cans - all of that seemed very much a novel experience for him. i don't think he'd ever been exposed to that more suburban environment."

Diego had had a bit of ground work and had worn a cinch-and-saddle pad in Idaho, but it had been more for fun than serious training. Crysta didn't have an arena or round pen at her place, so she had to trailer to local arenas or go for walks around the neighborhood when she wanted to work with him. Although she had taken a colt starting class for a semester in college, ridden young/green horses, attended clinics, and worked briefly for a trainer, Digs would prove to challenge all of her growing skills.

Then came that memorable day in January 2009. "It was winter, and he hadn't been out for a couple of weeks due to all the snow, and I wasn't able to get my trailer out. So I decided to take him for a walk by hand through the neighborhood.

"Walking behind some houses, a neighbor's dog lunged at a fence, and when he hit the fence, Digs freaked out and took off running. I tried to pull him back and turn him around, but he got to the end of the lead rope, ducked his head and kicked me in the chin, and knocked my teeth in." (It also fractured her jaw.) She gives Digs the benefit of the doubt: "He kicked, and I was just in the wrong place at the wrong time, and I had given him too much lead. I should've let him go. Maybe he wouldn't have kicked if I hadn't yanked on him that one last time. Who knows."

Then right about the time she healed up from all that, Wham. At the beginning of April she hauled Diego to her local arena and had just climbed aboard him when a horse loading in a nearby trailer scrambled and made a terrific commotion. "Digs just freaked out," she said. "I stayed on well for the first few bucks, but when I tried to pull him into a one-rein stop, I threw myself off balance.  I remember flying through the air sideways - looking at Diego, and then hitting the ground." It broke her upper arm in multiple places and required immediate surgery.

The two incidents right on top of each other caused by a spooky, reactive young horse gave her pause. "You know, we ride horses. It's not a matter of if you're going to get hurt, it's a matter of when. And I'd been hurt before. I don't even know how many different times I've come off over 20-plus years in the saddle. But something about that just really shattered my confidence in riding in general."

Many endurance riders would have sold such a horse immediately, and rightfully and obviously so. But that's not how Crysta saw it.

"So then I was faced with this decision of, here I have this young horse, who I can see has a lot of potential and many really good moments, but when he's bad, he's REALLY BAD, who's proven to be spooky and fast. And everyone (including her mom, her husband, many friends) is telling me to sell him, to get rid of him. But I felt I needed to put enough training into him so he would actually have value to then be sold, so I could buy something else that I could endurance ride on.

"That was a really long process to come back from. I'd sit at work at my desk and have panic attacks thinking about riding Digs. I would literally get shaky and my palms would get all sweaty, and I'd have to tell myself, 'You're not in that situation right now, just stop thinking about it.'"

Before doing any more with Digs, Crysta had to start her own riding comeback after her arm healed. "I started riding other people's horses again, some really good steady, well-broke horses.

"My friend took me out for a long trail ride, and I remember we could only walk for the first hour and a half. It took me that long to get my confidence up, being able to move out again, to do anything faster than a walk. That's what I did to get back in the saddle, just started riding other people's horses slowly again."

Attending the Sacramento Horse Expo in June with her mom, and watching some horsemanship demonstrations, Crysta acknowledged that Diego was the most difficult horse she ever had to work with, and she realized that she was lacking in two very key elements: control and trust. "I knew I had to gain more control, and thus increase his trust in me."

Over the next several months, she took a big step back with Digs and really got back to basics. "We did a ton of ground work. I took him to some de-spooking clinics, and we just did stuff in hand. I just gave myself permission to not have to ride him until I was ready."

They did a lot of lunging, in different areas and over obstacles, and they worked on establishing good verbal cues. They worked on ground driving, where Digs had to learn to overcome some of his confidence issues while doing it, where Crysta was no longer the 'leader' out in front of him, and instead he had to be responsible for choosing where to go with some direction from Crysta. They also went to a bomb-proofing clinic.

It wasn't till the first of August that Crysta started getting on Digs again, but it was very slowly and carefully.

"I would climb up on the corral fence, and have him come stand next to the fence. I would swing a leg over, but be standing on the fence still and have my hand on the top rail, so that if he moved at all I could just pull myself back on the fence rather than have to stay on him. Eventually I worked up my confidence to being able to just sit on him without hanging onto the fence."

They eventually progressed to walking around a little bit while mounted, but Crysta knew they still had a long way to go to gaining mutual trust in the saddle. "The little voice in the back of my head was telling me that the spooking and bucking wasn't a 'done' issue. I would have been happy if that little voice was wrong though."

In September she hauled Diego to Bob and Dovie Pickering's ranch, where Bob, who did Parelli natural horsemanship, watched Crysta and Diego work together. The nervous elements were still there: "We were feeding our anxiety off each other," she said. "He'd get nervous, so he'd spook and jump, and I'd get more anxious, and get grabby cuz he was moving around. It was just kind of this bad spiral that we'd put ourselves into."

Bob got on Diego and rode him for a while that day, to help give Diego that confidence booster of a more relaxed and calm rider. Then Bob offered to keep and ride Diego for 30 days.

"Bob pretty much rode him every day, even if it was just for a 5 minute bareback ride around the yard," Crysta said. "It was just giving Digs that confidence of 'You're OK! It's OK to be ridden. There's nothing that's going to happen,' just getting him over some of that jumpiness he had." Crysta would go to the Pickerings' on weekends and ride and spend time with Diego.

At the end of the 30 days, Crysta and Digs went on a little 10-mile 4H ride accompanied by Bob and his horse. "I think I walked on foot for half of the 10 mile loop, but I did ride him. I'd just get off him again if I'd get anxious and walk for a while, then get back on again.

"That was really the strategy I used more and more as I went forward with him. I just gave myself permission to get off if I was nervous, and just lead for a while. I didn't feel like I had to ride it out.

"The other thing I taught him which was really helpful was to 'touch it.' He'd spook at something, and I'd say 'Touch it', make him go touch it with his nose. And he'd realize, oh, OK, it wasn't anything that scary. I drug home a bunch of stuff from the Goodwill, and set up little obstacles around the yard. And when he'd snort and blow, I'd make him go up and touch it. And the second he would sniff it and see it up close, he would relax about things.

"Actually, to this day I'll still use it. If he's starting to spook at something, I can tell him 'touch it,' and I can feel him actually take a deep breath, 'Oh, OK,' and relax.

Crysta continued riding during the winter with friend Elizabeth Funderburk. "She had a horse she wanted to do endurance with, but didn't have a trailer. So I would pick her up in my trailer, and she and Dixie would help babysit me on Digs, the green horse.

"We did a lot of riding together. And by about May of 2010, I realized that I wasn't looking to sell Digs anymore. I was having fun riding him.

"Personality wise, I've always clicked with him really well. He's a really sweet horse, very friendly. He likes to get attention, loves to come over and see what you're doing. The challenge was in getting him over some of that reactiveness he had, and helping him learn that everything wasn't so scary, and that he didn't need to react or have such HUGE reactions. He learned how to spook in place and not spin a 180 and freak out. That's where a lot of those clinics and different things really came in handy."

Handy enough to mold a partnership of a confident horse and a confident rider.

Handy enough to step into Sinatra's hoof prints and start down the endurance trail.


AERC Northeast International Sponsors 2017 100-mile Challenge

February 22 2017

AERC Northeast International is sponsoring a special 100-mile challenge in 2017. Current AERC members who complete all 3 of the Old Dominion 1-Day 100 on June 10th, the Vermont 100 on July 15th, and the Northeast Challenge ono August 26 will receive special recognition and a USA Northeast 100-mile Challenge Triple Crown Award.

A special award will be given to the horse/rider combination with the best overall ride time at all 3 events, and a Rookie award will be provided if a horse or rider completes his/her first 100 miler as part of the series.

Blaine Jack, manager of the Northeast Challenge came up with the idea. "USA Northeast International wishes to herald our region's historic 100-mile endurance rides that have inspired generations of AERC members!," said Mary Howell.

For more information, see:

Information and entries for each ride can be found here:

Gaited horse Hooch is US trail riding’s new “golden boy”

Horsetalk.co.nz - Full Article

February 21, 2017

A champagne colored Kentucky Mountain Saddle Horse gelding has been named the winner of the 2016 President’s Cup, the highest award of the North American Trail Ride Conference (NATRC).

Turnner’s Wildcard (aka Hooch), who is owned and ridden by Lin Ward of Westcliff, Colorado, received the award at the NATRC’s national convention in Chattanooga, Tennessee, last week.

Lin purchased Hooch as a seven-year old after an intensive search and after first riding him under a full moon, at night, on a trail at the breeder’s facility. Lin recalls, “he just listened and did all I asked.”

After getting him home, Lin changed his name. “Never name a horse something you don’t want them to be. With a ‘Kentucky Full Moon’ ride as our first experience together, he became Hooch.” She says it fits him well as he has lots of personality.

It took 13,137 miles of trailering, competition in 16 NATRC rides, and winning in different states and regions beginning in March and finishing in the first week of November, to put Hooch at the top...

Read more: http://www.horsetalk.co.nz/2017/02/21/hooch-trail-riding-golden-boy/#ixzz4ZWqzyJ9C

Tuesday, February 21, 2017

February AERC Board Meeting

The AERC Board of Directors met February 13.

The Board of Directors approved funding for the Research Committee to complete data analysis for the Cooley Ranch project. The board also approved special sanctioning for 3 rides -- 2 in the Northwest and one in the Mountain region.

The board heard a review of the 2017 budget provided by Treasurer Mollie Krumlaw-Smith.

Jan Stevens, AERC liaison with USEF, reported on the USEF Annual Meeting and on a conference call with USEF CEO Bill Maroney. The upshot of that call is that both USEF and AERC desire better communications with one another and will plan a joint press release approved by both boards to express our mutual dismay at the abusive treatment and management of horses in Dubai as well as appreciation for the more positive actions in the Boudhieb initiative. AERC and USEF will be negotiating a new agreement between the two organizations in the next year.

The AERC board also heard a report by Vice President Lisa Schneider on the Rules Committee's work. Finally, the board discussed the need for support of Ride Managers in various situations. The board was unanimous in its support of Ride Managers.

The next board meeting will be March 9 at the convention in Dallas/Grapevine. We hope to see you all there.

2016 Darley Nominees Released by Arabian Racing Cup

Thearabianmagazoneonline.com - Full List

The Arabian Magazine, Racing
Mon, Feb 20, 2017

The Arabian Racing Cup announces the following nominees for the coveted USA Darley Awards. These nominees were selected by the Cup Stewards as the best of Arabian Racing in the U.S. for the year 2016. Beginning next week, the Darley Voting Academy will review detailed statistics and performance data from the Arabian Jockey Club about these nominees and cast their votes via confidential ballots.

The winners will be crowned Darley Champions of 2016 at the 30th Annual Darley Awards March 31 through April 2, 2017 in Hollywood, California. The glittering ceremony and gala weekend is sponsored by the HH Sheikh Mansoor Bin Zayed Al Nahyan Global Arabian Flat Racing Festival. According to Lara Sawaya, Director of the Festival, the Darley Awards themselves will be presented on March 31 at the Dolby Theater in Highland Center. On April 1 the focus will shift to Santa Anita Race Course and the $100,000 HH Sheikha Fatima bint Mubarak Darley Award Stakes (Gr.1 PA). Sunday evening, April 2, the Celebration Banquet and annual stallion breeding auction will be held at the host hotel, the Beverly Wilshire, a Four Seasons Hotel. Please refer to the Cup’s website, www.arabianracingcup.com, for more details as they become available.

Founded in 1983 by Dr. Sam Harrison, the Arabian Racing Cup’s Darley Awards ceremony is the showcase of U.S. Arabian racing. In 2012, the HH Sheikh Mansoor Bin Zayed Al Nahyan Global Arabian Flat Racing Festival and the Cup joined together to promote this prestigious event. The Darleys are headlined by the HH Sheikha Fatima Bint Mubarak Darley Awards recognizing international women in Arabian Horse Racing...

See the list here:

Monday, February 20, 2017

Sign up for AERC Convention by Friday for Discount

February 20 2017

Sign up for the March 10 and 11 AERC National Convention in Grapevine, Texas, before February 24th, to save on seminar ticket prices and be entered to win 10 raffle tickets! (Lots of great raffle prizes, including gift certificates for boots, ride entries, and much more). 

AERC's convention is the most fun you can have without your horse! Two days of informative and thought-provoking seminars on Friday and Saturday, shopping galore, seeing old friends and meeting new ones, awards presentations, Hot Topics seminars, plus fun Friday night entertainment and the awards banquet on Saturday night.

Sign up by Friday, February 24, and save $10 per day on speaker fees!

For more information on the Convention and for an online registration form, see:

Sunday, February 19, 2017

2017 Tevis Educational Ride


Posted Tuesday, February 14, 2017

As of January 29, there is a waiting list for Day 1 from Robinson Flat. A shorter Day 1 option is now available as well. For more information about this year's July 7-9 Tevis Educational Ride go here.

The entry form is available here.

Coming Soon! Endurance Essentials Web-Based Course!

Enduranceintrospection.com - Full Article

By Patti Stedman | February 19th, 2017

A few years ago we got very involved in educating new and aspiring endurance riders.

Education is kind of in my blood. My mom was a teacher, and my safety consulting business — 18 years old last month — focuses on providing creative, engaging and interactive training about OSHA regulations to the employees of my clients.

So back a few years ago, while planning to teach a clinic for new folks at our farm, creating an Endurance 101 Powerpoint presentation felt a bit like falling off a log. It’s the sort of thing we do all of the time.

We shared that Powerpoint with AERC and other aspiring 101 clinic facilitators and held lots and lots of Endurance 101 Clinics all over our region.

In the mean time our consulting business evolved and started to catch up with the tech age. (Please understand that this has been a massive leap for me, she who still keeps a paper calendar and who can use her SmartPhone to do only a few basic things.)

We started a spin-off business, creating web-based training services to our clients who preferred to have their employees take their training in front of a computer instead of in a classroom.

Ahoy, PCS Custom Training Solutions LLC!

Then, this summer, we got inspired and involved in a little “passion project” as I like to call it …

We decided to take the Endurance 101 Clinics and bring them to the web via HorseLearningOnLine.com.

Read more here:

Thursday, February 16, 2017

2017 February's Endurance Day on Horses in the Morning

Horsesinthemorning.com - Listen in


Today on Karen Chaton's Endurance Episode USEF Endurance Chef d'Equipe Mark Dial explains the new team selection protocol, Randy Winter tells us about his invention the Rein Safe and Karen gives a history lesson. Listen in...


Wednesday, February 15, 2017

60 or Older? Win a Tevis Cup Entry!


February 13 2017

Are you 60 Years of age or older?

Would you like to win an entry to the 2017 Tevis Cup Ride?

Through the generous donation of a fellow horseman WSTF is offering an entry to the world famous Tevis Cup 100 Mile Ride. The entry will be awarded to a First-Time Rider that is 60 years of age or older who has successfully completed the Tevis Cup mileage requirement as of May 1, 2017.

 We want to hear about your dream of riding the Tevis Cup!

To enter the contest, in 500 words or less tell us about yourself, your horse and your journey together as a team. Please share the experiences that you feel have prepared you for this challenge. Let us know the impact this entry will have on reaching your dream of participating in the legendary Tevis Cup.

 Entries must be postmarked by May 20th, 2017. The winning rider 
Please include your name, mailing address, phone number and email address so we can contact you if you win.

Mail entries to:
Western States Trail Foundation,
150 Gum Lane #103
Auburn, CA 95603
Best of Luck!


Friday, February 03, 2017

Arabian Horse Life – AHA’s New Member Magazine Hits Mailboxes in February

February 2, 2017

(2-FEB-17) – AURORA, COLO. – The Arabian Horse Association (AHA)’s new member magazine, Arabian Horse Life (AHL) is due to hit mailboxes the middle of this month. Now going to all AHA members, the publication is designed to emphasize and focus on all aspects of the Arabian breed and the Arabian horse industry.

The name of the magazine was selected by AHA members via survey and designed to reflect what the new magazine is all about – Arabian horses and the people who love them. The inaugural issue of the magazine boasts a cover photo that was submitted by an AHA member, via a photo submission contest that AHA hosted in January.

“Involving our members and making them feel like this is THEIR magazine, was really important to us,” says AHA Director of Marketing, Julian McPeak. “Our entire magazine, design and marketing staff have worked together to hopefully bring our members a magazine that they feel proud of; that they feel they are an integral part of. We want them to see pictures of their friends, their horses, their trainers and feel the feelings that Arabian horses give them when they flip through the pages.”

Editorial features will focus on the heritage, history and people, places and horses that have long impacted the breed. New columns bring important information about Arabian horse owners to light and feature the products they use, the stories they have to tell and the ownership tips they have to offer.

The column ‘Faves,’ highlights products used every day, around the barn, by AHA members and trainers. ‘Jibbah Jabber’ brings the latest news and interesting stories from around the industry. ‘Praiseworthy’ focuses entirely on highlighting AHA’s Achievement Awards, while ‘Focus Life’ shows off pictures that members submitted of themselves and their horses. Training tips, a newly design Youth section and so much more can be found within AHL’s completely re-designed pages.

The magazine has a brand new look and feel. With a fresh layout, divided sections for easy reading, it highlights all aspects of the industry - all disciplines, all levels of ages and participation, and most of all, the life that AHA members live, loving their Arabian horses.

With an increased circulation of nearly 23,000, AHL offers the perfect opportunity for advertisers to reach all AHA members with their message. Commercial and farm/breeder rates are available. To learn more about the magazine, to contact a sales team member, or for the media kit, specially priced packages and more, visit: www.ArabianHorses.org/ArabianHorseLife.


AHA is a major equine association serving 84,000 Arabian, Half-Arabian and Anglo-Arabian horse owners across North America. AHA registers and maintains a database of more than one million Arabian, Half-Arabian and Anglo-Arabian horses. AHA produces championship events, recognizes over 400 Arabian horse shows and distance rides and provides activities, education, and programs that promote breeding and ownership.

Contact: AHA